1. There are over 150 breeds of dog.
2. Chow Chows are known for their black tongues. But did you know when they are born, their tongues are pink? They turn black as they age.
3. The Greyhound is the fastest dog breed and can run up to 45 miles per hour.
4. The Labrador or Lab is the most popular dog breed in the U.S. Did you know it is also the most popular in Canada and the UK?
5. Bloodhounds are the best of all doggy trackers. We have been using these super sniffers to track criminals since the Middle Ages!
6. The Newfoundland breed has webbed toes to help him swim.
7. Dalmatian puppies are born snow white. Their black or brown spots develop as they get older.
8. A Basset Hound’s ears help to “sweep up” scents to his nose to help him smell.
9. The Basenji does not bark. Instead, they make a sound called “yodeling”.
10. The Border Collie is regarded as the smartest breed of dog.
11. The Pekingnese dog was bred to be a guard dog for Chinese royalty.
12. The Australian Shepherd is not actually Australian. It’s European!
13. French Poodles aren’t French, either. They’re German.
14. The Bullmastiff is the heaviest dog breed.
15. The Irish Wolfhound is the tallest.
16. Dogs move their ears with the help of over a dozen muscles.
17. Humans have about 9,000 taste buds, while our canine counterparts only have 1700.
18. Dogs have a third eyelid called a “haw”, which helps protect their eyes from dirt or debris.
19. Dogs also have a special membrane in their eyes called a tapetum lucidum, which allows them to see in the dark.
20. A dog can hear sounds at four times the distance a human can.
21. Speaking of hearing, a dog can locate the source of a sound in 1/600 of a second!
22. Dogs hear best at 8,000 Hz (humans hear best at around 2,000 Hz). This is why they can hear so many sounds that are too high pitched for the human ear.
23. Dogs’ noses secrete a thin layer of mucus to absorb scents. When they lick their noses, they are “tasting” smells.
24. Dogs can only sweat through their paw pads.
25. Dogs also pant to cool themselves down. When a dog pants, he can take 300-400 breaths in the place of 30-40 normal ones.
26. Puppies are born deaf, blind, and toothless.
27. A dog’s “smell center” in the brain is 40 times larger than a human’s.
28. A dog’s shoulder blades are unattached to the rest of his skeleton. This gives him greater flexibility when he runs.
29. A dog’s regular body temperature is 101-102.5 degrees Fahrenheit.
30. Pups curl up in a ball when they sleep instinctively to protect their vital organs from predators.
31. Circling a few times before they go to sleep is also an instinctive protection against predators. The idea is to “tramp out” or shuffle out predators that might be hiding in the grass, like snakes.
32. Dogs are not actually colorblind, they just have fewer color receptors than humans do.
33. The average dog can understand up to 165 words.
34. Dogs are about the same intelligence level as a two-year-old human.
35. Hyenas aren’t dogs. They’re actually more closely related to cats.
36. There are cave paintings of dogs dating back 12,000 years ago.
37. Dogs have lived with humans for over 14,000 years (twice as long as cats!).
38. The U.S. has the highest dog population in the world.
39. The most dogs ever owned by one person is 5,000. They were Mastiffs owned by Kubla Khan.
40. The largest dog ever recorded was an English Mastiff named Zorba. He weighed in at 343 pounds and measured 8’3” from the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail.
41. The smallest dog ever recorded was a teensy weensy Yorkshire Terrier. He measured 2.5” tall at the shoulder, and only 3.5” from nose tip to tail. He weighed a mere 4 ounces!
42. The most popular male dog names are Max and Jake.
43. The most popular female dog names are Maggie and Molly.
44. The average cost of owning a dog for his entire lifetime is $13,550.
45. The most common command dogs know is “sit.”
46. Spiked dog collars were invented in Ancient Greece. They were originally designed to protect dogs from marauding wolves.
47. Three dogs survived the sinking of the Titanic.
48. The famous canine TV star Rin Tin Tin “signed” all of his contracts with a paw print.
49. The American Kennel Club, or AKC, was founded in 1884. It is still the most influential dog club in the United States.
50. Petting a dog is proven to lower blood pressure, lower stress, and lengthen your life!