Pint Sized & Precious: Facts About the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

cavalier king charles spaniel dog breedThe Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is having kind of a moment right now, and we totally get it. Seriously, just look at those little faces. They are the toy sized baby dolls of the Spaniel group and they’re just so cute we can hardly stand it. Let’s get to know this little cutie even better.

The Cavalier in History

The Cavalier is a relatively new breed, despite the historic sounding name. They are modeled after the little dogs once prized and beloved by British nobility, particularly King Charles II. Unofficially, the breed has been popular since the 1950s. However, they have only been registerable with the AKC since 1995. “New” to the purebred dog world as they may be, the breed has rapidly gained popularity. They are in the top 10 most popular dog breeds in the UK, and in the top 20 for the United States.

That Cavalier Cuteness

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is toy sized. They only range about 13 to 18 pounds fully grown, and stand only approximately a foot tall at the shoulder. They have a long, silky coat that requires weekly brushing, but no trimming.

The Cavalier comes in 4 color coat patterns. “Blenheim” refers to a red dog with white markings, and is named after Blenheim Palace in England to honor the look of the dogs once bred there. For dogs that are just red with very minimal markings, they are called Ruby. Two other coat patterns include Tricolor (black, red, and white) and Black and Tan (black and red with no white markings).

Puppy lying in the grass

Cavaliers are Bred For Kisses and Hugs

When forming the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, dogs were bred with the ideal lap dog in mind. The Cavalier is the ideal pet for those who love the sporty look of a Spaniel breed, but want a smaller dog they can cuddle indoors. They are decidedly unsporty in their preferences. Most Cavaliers would rather spend the day snuggled up to mom or dad than running around in a yard outdoors.

They are the consummate house dog and make pretty terrible guard dogs. The Cavalier is not one to bark at an intruder, but would rather approach to make friendly introductions. Because of their sweet personalities, they make ideal pets for families. Small children do need to be taught to be gentle with this tiny dog, but the Cavalier’s happy-go-lucky personality helps them adapt to children and other pets easily. They are a great match for the type of dog owner who wants a friend to take with them everywhere, as Cavaliers hate being left alone all day. Cavaliers love their people so much that it makes them easy to train. They love to please their humans, and will work hard to learn whatever you are asking of them.

two fun cavalier king charles spaniel dog

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel could get voted “most likely to be everyone’s buddy.” They just want to be loved by everyone and anyone. That personality, combined with sad puppy eyes, makes this breed pretty impossible to resist. Go ahead, we dare you.

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