The Dalmatian is unlike any other breed. Just look at them! No other dog can rock the spotted coat better than this breed. Not only that, but the Dalmatian is extremely smart and outgoing, making them the perfect partner in crime. And the fact that this breed starred in one of the most popular Disney movies, 101 Dalmatians, is just the cherry on top! This dashing breed is a showstopper, and for good reason.
Dalmatians Really Are From Dalmatia
Far off the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea is a region known as Dalmatia, situated in Croatia. Dalmatia is a small region of coves, sandy beaches, and Dalmatians running wild–just kidding! While we wish that were true, according to history buffs it is the place where the Dalmatian’s name did originate.
Dalmatians are Born White!
Of course, the speckled, spotted coat is absolutely adorable but what’s even cuter is the fact that these pups are actually born completely white! The spots develop at just 14 days old. The spots continue to evolve throughout their life and as they grow their spots become the signature black or liver (dark brown) color.
Dalmatians are Prone to Deafness
Due to a gene in their bloodline, the Dalmatian is genetically more likely to be deaf than other breeds. A lack of mature melanocytes in the dog’s inner ear, a common condition in albino and spotted animals, causes deafness in these dogs. Dalmatians are the breed most often affected by the condition with 30 percent suffering from hearing loss. Deaf dogs can live perfectly normal lives, but do require special training. Vets and breeders recommend owners test their Dalmatian pups at an early age to see if they too have this condition.
The Dalmatian is a Dog of Many Talents
The Dalmatian was born and bred with talent. Throughout their history, they have successfully worked and served in a number of different occupations, including firehouse dog, circus performer, retriever, war dog, movie star, and hunter. In England, the Dalmatian served as a coach dog, helping to clear a path for the horses by running alongside the coach, or under it between the axels. These dogs also helped protect the coach and horses during resting periods.
During its transition to America, Dalmatians continued their work as coach dogs for fire engines, becoming known as the firehouse dog. This dog would run with the horses, watch over the equipment, and accompany the fire wagons back to the station.
Dalmatians Make Great Active Pets
Dalmatians make great pets for active people. If working out more is a goal of yours, a Dalmatian is the perfect workout buddy. Consider this pup your personal trainer. They are a highly energetic, intelligent breed and require a lot of exercise. Because of their athletic abilities, Dalmatians excel at sporty activities such as retrieving, flyball, and agility. Dalmatians need to be trained and socialized at an early age. Luckily, these dogs are very smart and have a strong desire to please, making it fairly easy. However, this breed can be a bit headstrong at times, so as a Dalmatian owner it is best to train them before they train you.
Dalmatians are the perfect furry friend to have by your side, and will always keep you on your toes with all that personality and spunk.